Viet Nam fisheries to focus more on quality, over quantity
Kinh Te Viet Nam & The Gioi (Viet Nam and World’s Economics) talks with Nguyen Chu Hoi, director of the Fisheries Planning and Economic Institute, about a plan to develop the fisheries sector.
What is your opinion about the plan of developing the fisheries sector by 2010 forward to 2020?
Among its targets the fisheries will prioritise quality over quantity. In the plan, fisheries is considered as an industry with big quantity, high quality and high competitiveness.
Developing fisheries aims to meet domestic as well as export demand, while firmly upholding export turnover. The speed of development must be fast and firm, maintaining all advantages from potentials and human resources.
It is important to pay attention to science technology applications, especially biological technology.
Continuing to change the business structure, balancing exploiting and breeding, linking producing and processing, consumption and environment protection are other priorities.
Do you think that the fisheries industry can achieve its target by 2010?
The targets by 2010 include: fisheries output to increase an average of 3.8 per cent per year, export turnover at 10 per cent per year, and labour resource at three per cent annually.
Although the targets are not too difficult to reach, breaking the rule of firm development will hinder success.
To obtain a strategy which is accurate and suitable to Viet Nam ‘s development, what will the fisheries industry do in the coming years?
To reach targets, there are a lot of big solutions which need to be realised quickly.
Firstly, to the fisheries exploitation. As estimated, there are about 90,000 ships in the country, out of which many do not meet standards. Therefore it is necessary to research this area, in order to determine the exact number of ships in poor conditions.
Following Regulation 10 of the Government, the number of ships must decrease to 50,000 by 2010, which will prove difficult without taking drastic measures.
In the early fisheries development planning, we didn’t pay much attention to inter-industries, while the resources of each region such as the Mekong or Red River deltas are often shared with other economic industries.
Therefore, in the future, the relevant agencies should co-operate to allow an agreement which will not cause conflict among concerned industries.
Moreover, breeders should focus on product diversification and the application of new technology, eliminating common breeding problems such as disease and environmental pollution.
The Ministry of Fisheries must quickly lay out the policy of changing the structure of the developing fishing industry to include both catching and breeding fish at sea.
There is a strong need to set examples and enforce set standards in developing fishing regulations in order to be effective and reduce losses. — VNS
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